Šibenik

Šibenik is recognizable for its cultural and historical sights and natural beauties and boasts two monuments under UNESCO protection.

Šibenik is the oldest native Croatian city on the Adriatic. It is first mentioned on Christmas Day 1066 in the deed of gift of King Petar Krešimir IV, so it is also called Krešimir's town. Among Croatian cities, it stands out for its unique position in the central part of the Croatian Adriatic.

A beautiful city of unique urban expression, connected by a picturesque narrow, winding Canal of St. Ante with the open sea. The entrance to the canal is guarded by the Renaissance fortress of St. Nikola, which with three other city fortresses - St. Michael, St. John and Barone, a symbol of the centuries-old disobedience of Šibenik, but also one of only three such fortifications in the Mediterranean.

Šibenik is the only city in Croatia and one of the few cities in the world with two monuments inscribed on the UNESCO list of protected cultural heritage.

It is interesting that Šibenik was the first city in the world to receive public lighting on alternating electricity thanks to Nikola Tesla's patents in 1895 (August 28). The Jaruga hydroelectric plant on the Krka River was put into operation two days later than the hydroelectric plant at Niagara Falls in the United States. However, the people of Šibenik received electricity on the same day, and the inhabitants of Buffall only a year later, in 1896.

Šibenik is also the city of Faust Vrančić, to whom the invention of Homo Volans - the flying man - is connected, but Faust invented much more than that. Although he lived at a time when the development of technical science, as we know it today, was in development, he managed to design 56 devices that included innovations for example for water and windmills, bridges and other important innovations. He published all these innovations and inventions in the Machinae Novae collection. The Faust Vrančić Memorial Museum is located on the island of Prvić near Šibenik and is worth a visit.

It is very interesting how Šibenik also has its own hat - in the past it was better known in its red version, but today it is more present in orange. The Šibenik hat is one of the symbols of Šibenik, but also of Croatia. For two centuries, in the time of the Venetians, their own money was minted known as bagatin - today it is one of the most recognizable city souvenirs, and jewelry called Šibenik button originally adorned men's folk costumes, and today it can be found in all types of jewelry, male as well as female.

The Krka National Park covers an area of ​​109 km² of the most beautiful course of the Krka River and the lower course of the Čikola River, which, in addition to its natural beauties, is adorned with a rich cultural and historical heritage. The second National Park "Kornati" is located within the Kornati archipelago with 152 islands. We should also mention the nearby Nature Park "Vrana Lake", the largest natural lake in Croatia, which is dominated by a special ornithological reserve with 256 species of birds.

The beautiful archipelago of the city of Šibenik consists of 242 islands, islets, cliffs and reefs with only 10 island settlements. The most famous among them are certainly Zlarin - coral island and Krapanj - sponge island.

One of the oldest theaters in Croatia was built in Šibenik, which was opened in 1870. Since 1958, the theater has hosted a unique festival in Croatia and beyond, the International Children's Festival.

One of the greatest Croatian and world basketball players was Dražen Petrović from Šibenik, who was called "basketball Mozart" due to his sports genius. Dražen Petrović is listed among the 50 people who contributed the most to the Euroleague. He is one of the greatest Croatian athletes of all time. He is considered the leader of the wave of European basketball players in the NBA. He played for Šibenik, Cibona, Real Madrid in Europe and the NBA clubs Portland Trail Blazers and New Jersey Nets. He became a member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. In Šibenik, there is a memorial room for Dražen Petrović located in the apartment where he once lived.